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The Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA) became federal law in 1980. CERCLA established what has commonly become known as Superfund to deal with known or suspected contamination at inactive commercial/industrial/military facilities or so called "uncontrolled hazardous waste or abandoned sites." The nation's most contaminated sites are listed on the National Priorities List. Nebraska has 17 active sites on the National Priorities List.
One site, the Waverly Groundwater Contamination Site, was removed from the National Priorities List on November 20, 2006, upon achieving the cleanup goals for the site.
Thirteen of the sites are in the cleanup phase and four sites (York PCE/TCE Northeast Contamination site, York PCE Southeast Contamination site, Iowa-Nebraska Light and Power Co. site in Norfolk, and the Old Highway 275 and North 288th Street site in Valley) are relatively new to the National Priorities List and are in the site study stage.
Numerous other non-National Priorities List sites with known or suspected releases of hazardous substances exist in the state, but are not being addressed through the federal Superfund process.
Activities in the Superfund Program include:
Other related cleanup programs include: