Land Management Division
The Land Management Division is comprised of two sections and one unit:
Planning and Aid.
Both the Waste Management and Remediation sections share responsibilities
for hazardous waste (RCRA), Superfund, voluntary remediation, and integrated
waste management programs. Several wasterelated grant programs are
administered by the Planning and Aid Unit.
Following is a summary of Waste Management Division programs.
Integrated Waste Management Program
Solid Waste regulations are incorporated in NDEE Title 132 - Integrated Solid Waste Management
Regulations. The purpose of the program is to ensure proper management of solid waste. Solid
waste includes municipal solid waste typically collected and disposed in municipal landfills,
and other nonhazardous waste. The regulations provide technical criteria for land disposal
areas and solid waste processing facilities.
Duties assigned to this program include:
1) Permit issuance, renewal and modification;
Waste Tire Management Program
The Department also administers the waste tire management program. Approved beneficial uses of
waste tires are outlined in Department regulations. Waste tire haulers are required to
obtain individual permits annually and are required to post financial assurance. Financial
assurance is designed to provide adequate funds to clean up any waste tires that are illegally
disposed by the transporter. Waste tire management facilities (except tire dealers) are
allowed to accumulate up to 500 tires without further requirements, other than mosquito
control and fire prevention measures. Speculative accumulation of more than 500 waste
tires is prohibited.
Waste Planning and Aid
Waste Planning and Aid includes the following programs: the Waste Reduction and Recycling
Incentive Grants Program; the Litter Reduction and Recycling Grant Program; the Illegal
Dumpsite Cleanup Program; and the Landfill Disposal Fee Rebate Program.
Waste Reduction and Recycling Incentive Grants Program
In 1990, the Nebraska Legislature passed Legislative Bill 163, the Waste Reduction and
Recycling Act, which created the Waste Reduction and Recycling Incentive Grants Program.
There are three sources of revenue for this program:
2) Response to inquiries related to facility operations;
3) Compliance inspections and enforcement actions;
4) Investigation of citizen complaints;
5) Alternate waste management method approvals;
6) Groundwater investigations and groundwater/soil remediation projects for permitted and nonpermitted facilities;
7) Gas emissions monitoring related to landfills and other permitted sites;
8) Closure inspections and monitoring of closure and post-closure activities;
9) Conducting public information sessions and hearings related to permits;
10) Financial assurance review and monitoring compliance; and
11) Assisting regulated facilities and the general public in recycling, re-use and proper management of waste-like materials.
The Waste Reduction and Recycling Incentive Fund provides grants to assist in financing sound
integrated waste management programs and projects.
business fee on sales of tangible personal
property, which generates about $500,000 annually.
A $1 per tire fee on the retail sale of new tires in Nebraska, which
generates about $1.9 million annually;
Fifty percent of the $1.25 per ton disposal fee on solid waste disposed
of in permitted landfills, which generates approximately $1.2 million
annually for grant awards.
These programs and projects may include but are not limited to:
A portion of the grants is also obligated to fund scrap tire recycling or
reduction projects and a portion of the grants are available to smaller
cities and counties for abandoned building deconstruction.
Litter Reduction and Recycling Grant Program
The Litter Reduction and Recycling Grant Program has been in existence since 1979. Its purpose is
to provide funds to support programs to reduce litter, provide education, and promote recycling
Funds from this program are provided from an annual fee assessed to manufacturers,
wholesalers, and retailers having gross receipts of at least $100,000, on products that commonly
contribute to litter. For manufacturers, the annual litter fee is equal to $175 for each
million dollars of products manufactured. The annual litter fee for wholesalers and retailers
is equal to $175 for each million dollars of sales made in the state. Approximately $1.8
million is received annually.
Illegal Dumpsite Cleanup Program
The Illegal Dumpsite Cleanup Program, established in 1997, is a cleanup program that
provides funding assistance to political subdivisions for the cleanup of solid waste
disposed of along public roadways or ditches. Through this program, items such as household
waste, white goods, construction and demolition waste, and furniture, are removed from the
illegal site and disposed in a permitted facility or recycled.
Landfill Disposal Fee Rebate Program
The Landfill Disposal Fee Rebate Program was created as an incentive to political
subdivisions to support and encourage the purchasing of products, materials, or supplies
that are manufactured or produced from recycled material. Funding for the program is drawn from
the Waste Reduction and Recycling Incentive Fund.
Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) Program
NDEE was authorized in 1985 by EPA to administer portions of the Resource Conservation and
Recovery Act (RCRA) program. RCRA regulations are incorporated in NDEE Title 128 - Nebraska
Hazardous Waste Regulations, which is updated as the Federal RCRA regulations change. There were
no regulatory changes made in fiscal year 2013 to the Title 128 regulations.
The purpose of the RCRA program is to ensure proper management of hazardous wastes from the
point of generation until final disposal.
The Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA) became
federal law in 1980. CERCLA established what has commonly become known as Superfund to deal with
known or suspected contamination at inactive commercial/industrial/military facilities or so
called "uncontrolled hazardous waste or abandoned sites." The nation's most
contaminated sites are listed on the National Priorities List (NPL).
market development for recyclable materials;
intermediate processing facilities and facilities using recyclable materials
in new products;
yard waste composting and composting with sewage sludge;
waste reduction and waste exchange;
household hazardous waste programs;
the consolidation of solid waste disposal facilities and use of transfer stations; and
incineration for energy recovery.
Nebraska currently has
thirteen sites on the National Priorities List. One site, the Waverly Groundwater Contamination
Site, was removed from the NPL on November 20, 2006 as the cleanup goals for the site have been
achieved. Twelve of the sites are in the cleanup phase and one site (West Highway 6 & 281 in
Hastings) is relatively new to the National Priority List and is in the site study stage.
Numerous other non-National Priorities List sites with known or suspected releases of
hazardous substances exist in the state, but are not being addressed through the federal
The investigation and remediation of contaminated sites are the primary
responsibility of the EPA and other federal agencies. NDEE participates in the Superfund
process by serving as a technical support agency to the EPA and as the environmental
representative for the State of Nebraska.
Nebraska Voluntary Cleanup Program
The Remedial Action Plan Monitoring Act (RAPMA), initially created in 1995, established the
Nebraska Voluntary Cleanup Program (VCP). The Voluntary Cleanup Program provides property
owners and parties responsible for contamination with a mechanism for developing voluntary
environmental cleanup plans that are reviewed and approved by the Department.
The voluntary cleanup program provides an avenue for businesses to proceed
with cleanup of property and an opportunity for regulatory review and oversight
that may not be available at the federal level. In addition, the program
serves as an alternative cleanup program to the more traditional federal
cleanup programs like Superfund or RCRA.
The Department has a Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) with EPA Region VII, which provides
federal approval of voluntary cleanup programs. Under this agreement, any site that joins the
voluntary cleanup program and successfully completes the cleanup action is assured that EPA
will not pursue federal enforcement under CERCLA.
Brownfield Assessments and Cleanups
A brownfield site is a vacant or under-use industrial or commercial property where
expansion or redevelopment is complicated by unresolved contamination concerns. The voluntary
cleanup program performs assessments and cleanups at brownfield sites in Nebraska. These
assessments and cleanups are performed by NDEE, typically with federal funds, at no cost to
interested parties in Nebraska communities. A brownfield assessment is a preliminary
investigation to evaluate the environmental conditions at a property, similar to a Phase I
and Phase II Environmental Site Assessment.
The brownfield assessment can also include surveys
of existing building structures on the property for the presence of lead-based paint or
asbestos. Cleanups can involve a variety of measures that are implemented to contain and
reduce contamination at a site. During the past year, the Department has performed 17 Phase I
assessments, five Phase II assessments, one lead-based paint survey, and four asbestos
One of the Phase II assessments, conducted at Rhylander Park in Plattsmouth,
identified the presence of lead in soil associated with the former operations of a
Burlington Northern-Sante Fe Rail yard. Supplemental investigation conducted by the
Department indicated the need for removal of lead contaminated soil from a wooded area
immediately adjacent to the park. This soil removal work was recently completed.