Focus On Air Division
Volkswagen Environmental Mitigation Trust Fund
Nebraska Diesel Emission Mitigation Program
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714 KB NE_VW_Mitigation_Plan_Jan2018.pdf

In September 2017, the Nebraska Department of Environmental Quality (now the Department of Environment and Energy, NDEE) was designated by Governor Ricketts as the lead agency to administer funds allocated to the state from the Volkswagen Diesel Emissions Environmental Mitigation Trust for State Beneficiaries, Puerto Rico, and the District of Columbia (VW State Trust). As directed by the VW State Trust Agreement,* these funds are to be used to undertake authorized actions to reduce nitrogen oxide emissions in Nebraska. The initial allocation to Nebraska from the VW State Trust is approximately $12.25 million.

As required by the VW State Trust, NDEE subsequently sought public input and has developed an initial Beneficiary Mitigation Plan (see attachment above) to best utilize these funds to benefit Nebraska and meet the purpose of the VW State Trust. The goal of Nebraska’s plan is to achieve significant, sustainable, and cost-effective reductions in nitrogen oxide emissions and other diesel pollutants to improve air quality in the state. The Nebraska Diesel Emission Mitigation Program will undertake projects in accordance with the Nebraska Mitigation Plan and the VW State Trust.
Public documents pertaining to the mitigation actions listed below may be accessed using the Public Documents link on the Nebraska Volkswagen Environment Mitigation Plan web portal: *

Mitigation Actions Eligible for Funding

NDEE assessed the mitigation actions available through the VW State Trust in the context of Nebraska’s air pollution issues, population distribution, transportation infrastructure, estimated project cost-effectiveness, potential public health benefits, and public comments. The table below summarizes the project categories selected for initial funding and the percentage of funds expected to be available in each category. During the course of the Trust, Nebraska will be allowed to evaluate its funding actions and adjust its goals and selection of mitigation actions if needed by providing an updated Mitigation Plan to the Trustee. NDEE anticipates expending most of the available funds over a 5-year period starting in 2018.

Transit Bus Alternative Fuel Replacements
School Bus Diesel and Alternative Fuel Replacements
Diesel Emission Reduction Act (Clean Diesel Program)
Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Charging Infrastructure
1, 6, 7, 8
Eligible Actions Based on Demand

Administrative Costs (maximum 15%)

* Eligible Mitigation Action Number in the VW State Trust Agreement

Transit Bus Alternative Fuel Replacements (10%)

NDEE is utilizing 10% of Nebraska’s VW State Trust funds, or approximately $1.2 million, to replace diesel public transit buses as authorized under Eligible Mitigation Action 2. The public transit agencies that operate eligible buses in Nebraska are Omaha Metro and Lincoln StarTran. NDEE awarded $724,901 to Omaha Metro for the replacement of two diesel buses by CNG-fueled Bus Rapid Transit vehicles, and $489,934 to StarTran for the replacement of two diesel buses by battery-electric buses. The replaced diesel buses must be scrapped.
School Bus Diesel and Alternative Fuel Replacements (25%)

NDEE planned to utilize 25% of Nebraska’s VW State Trust funds, or approximately $3 million, to provide rebates to replace diesel school buses (Class 4 to 8, engine model year 2009 or older) as authorized under Eligible Mitigation Action 2. Funding was available to replace diesel buses with new buses fueled by diesel, CNG, or propane. Reimbursement percentages varied depending on whether the recipient is a public or private entity and on the fuel type of the replacement bus. NDEE anticipates awarding school bus replacement funds in 2 or 3 annual funding cycles beginning in 2018.

2019 School Bus Rebate Program
The Application Period for 2019 School Bus Replacements under this program closed August 2, 2019. Sixty-two complete applications were received, and the Department decided to select all applications for funding, for a total of $2.642 million. Because the total funds awarded exceeded the remaining funds planned for this project category, funds from the Eligible Actions Based on Demand category (see below) are being utilized for the additional projects..

A list of schools that are receiving or have received school bus replacement rebates under this program can be found here: School Bus Rebate Recipients.

If your school was selected to receive a rebate, information on carrying out and documenting your project and requesting reimbursement can be found here: 2019 School Bus Rebate Selectee Information.
2018 School Bus Rebate Program
Forty-two schools applied for rebates, and NDEE elected to fund all of the rebate projects. Two schools subsequently withdrew their applications. A total of $1.397 million in rebates were awarded.
Matching Funds for Diesel Emission Reduction Act (DERA) Projects

As provided by Eligible Mitigation Action 10 (DERA option), Nebraska plans to use 25% of its VW State Trust allocation, or approximately $3 million, as additional funding for the Nebraska Clean Diesel Program authorized by the Diesel Emissions Reduction Act (DERA) and funded by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Nebraska’s VW Trust funds are being used as a voluntary state match or overmatch to the annual funds provided by EPA. The DERA option allows use of VW State Trust funds for any actions that are authorized by the Clean Diesel program, whether or not they are specifically authorized in the VW State Trust Agreement. The Clean Diesel program provides a wider range of diesel emission reduction actions than the VW State Trust, including engine replacements for non-road diesel equipment, such as agricultural irrigation engines, farm equipment, and construction equipment.

The application period for the Nebraska Clean Diesel Program typically opens around October 1 each year. In the 2017 funding cycle (ending September 30, 2018), NDEQ used VW State Trust funds for the replacement of several diesel refuse trucks and for electric replacements of four diesel irrigation engines. In the 2018 funding cycle, Trust funds are being used for the replacement of two diesel refuse trucks and for electric replacements of 39 diesel irrigation engines.

Applications for eligible projects in the 2019 Nebraska Clean Diesel Program opened October 1, 2019.

Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Charging Infrastructure

NDEE proposed to utilize 10% of Nebraska’s initial allocation of its VW State Trust funds (approximately $1.2 million) to provide grants or rebates to facilitate the acquisition, installation, operation, and maintenance of electric vehicle charging stations. Several types and locations of charging stations were eligible for funding:
  1. DC Fast Charging stations along major highway corridors
  2. Workplace chargers available to employees and the public
  3. Community charging stations

Charging sites that include a DC Fast Charger are eligible for reimbursement of up to 80% of the cost of equipment, installation, electric service upgrades, and certain other costs. Charging sites with only Level 2 chargers are eligible for reimbursement of up to 50% of the eligible costs.

The Application Period for this funding program closed November 15, 2019. A total of 53 applications were received, with $3.8 million in total funds requested. In view of the strong demand, funding was increased to 15% of Nebraska’s initial allocation, or $1.8 million, using funds available in the Eligible Actions Based on Demand category (see below). The 29 projects selected for funding are expected to result in 32 new electric vehicle charging locations in 18 Nebraska counties.

A list of the electric vehicle charging projects receiving funding through this program is available here: Electric Vehicle Charging Rebate Recipients.

Eligible Actions Based on Demand

NDEE plans to use 25% of its VW State Trust funds (approximately $3 million) to fund various other eligible mitigation actions authorized by the Trust. Projects might include replacement of Class 4 to 8 local freight, delivery, construction, and utility trucks (Actions 1 and 6), replacement of airport ground support equipment with electric equipment (Action 7), and replacement of large forklifts with electric equipment (Action 8). The proportion of funds to be directed to these actions will be determined by the number, type, and cost-effectiveness of projects proposed. If there is sufficient demand for projects in the previously listed funding categories, some of these funds may be redirected to those funding categories.

NDEE is not currently accepting applications for projects in this category.

Project Documentation

Nebraska will implement Trust projects transparently and in a cost-effective manner. Documentation of Trust expenses will be made available to the public in accordance with Nebraska Public Records statutes and Trust requirements. NDEE will account for Trust expenditures, conduct audits as necessary to ensure compliance with applicable requirements, and provide semi-annual reports to the Trustee as required by the State Mitigation Trust agreement. Documents submitted by project applicants in support of funding requests will also be made publicly available, subject to applicable laws governing the publication of confidential business information and personally identifiable information.

The VW Trust website has a page that is specific to Nebraska, which will include funding requests, semi-annual reports, and estimates of Nebraska’s remaining balance. The URL to this page is *

Contact Information

Questions or comments about NDEE’s Diesel Emission Mitigation Program under the Volkswagen State Trust may be submitted to:

Nebraska Department of Environment and Energy
Energy and Assistance Division, Attn. VW Comments
P.O. Box 98922
Lincoln, NE 68509-8922

* This Page contains links to Non-NDEQ websites, these links will open in a New Tab or Window